HORIZONTAL PILE TESTING
Piles in soft soils constitute one of the main structural building elements. They typically are used in countries where major parts of the grounds are soft soils, e.g. clays, loose sands, etc.
When the final pile loading is non-symmetric, think by example of pile pile loaded with a horizontal load at the top, a complete 3D numerical analysis is needed to obtain a load - displacement curve. Such analysis should model the nonlinear path dependent soil material and also the behavior of the soil - pile interface which is governed by reduced frictional properties.
For more information on the present calculation please see the pdf file. The present calculation is courtesy of IBES-GmbH engineering, Germany, http://www.ibes-gmbh.de.